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Age is a risk factor for rotator cuff tear, with almost 50% of people over 60 and almost 95% of those over 80 with some form of rotator cuff tear.
'Shoulder instability' is the medical term that describes the condition where the joint lining (capsule), ligaments or labrum around the shoulder are stretched or torn and thereby fail to maintain the humeral head (ball) within the socket.
Joint flexibility varies greatly between people, and anyone who does yoga or martial arts will know there are some people who are just naturally more flexible than others.
A recent research paper has concluded that pedalling regularly on a simple exercise bike may be a more effective rehabilitation protocol for patients who have undergone a total knee replacement than the conventional approach.
Shoulder replacement surgery may be recommended where either fractures in bones in the shoulder cannot be repaired or where degenerative arthritis has developed in the shoulder joint.